Out-Above and Below
Objects falling from above and striking people below cause
some of the most serious industrial injuries and account for
a number of fatalities every year.
The government, recognizing the severity of the
problem, has set standards under the OSHA act for occupational
head protection. Other standards for head protection have
been set under the construction safety act, longshoring safety
act, and NIOSH. It is imperative that every person on the
job wear a hard hat at all times.
Let's look at the problem of how to prevent falling
objects. First, is the work being done overhead? How can
accidents be prevented? Here are some basic precautions to
. Warn those below that you're about to begin
an overhead job by signs, barricades, and good communications.
. Don't carry tools or materials up a ladder.
Use a hand winch line, containers, or buckets lifted by a
. Before raising tools or materials with
a hand line or a winch line, make absolutely sure they are
securely fastened so they won't slip out.
. When you pile materials on scaffolds, make
sure scaffolding and platforms are provided with toe boards
so objects don't fall off.
. Never throw materials or tools.
. Make sure the load being lifted by hand
line or scaffold is balanced and that no one is under the
load being lifted.
. Keep tools and materials away from the
edges of platforms and ladders and off railings or window
. Don't stick tools in your pockets because,
when you bend over or reach, they may fall out.
. Practice good housekeeping on the overhead
job and keep tools and materials that are not in use picked
up and stored properly.
. If the nature of the overhead job involves
the danger of falling objects, have the area below cleared,
and post the necessary warning signs. Rope off the area.
It is equally important that personnel on the
ground be aware of overhead work and obey the signs and barricades.
Another problem is poor stacking in warehouses,
yards, trucks, or at the job site. All materials should be
piled on a flat base and at a reasonable height. It is best
to crosstie and cover the materials for extra protection and
Not all falling objects come from great heights.
Probably the most common falling object from a small height
is one that a worker is just picking up. The worker doesn't
anticipate the heaviness of the object; the object slips and
strikes the worker's legs or feet.
Another common instance of an object's falling
and causing injury is when two workers are carrying a piece
of pipe or some other long, heavy object. Signals are poor,
and one worker drops his end of the load. You guessed it;
the feet come in for punishment!
Another example: Someone stands a piece of steel
or pipe against a wall and walks away. When you approach,
the object slips and falls. This can strike any part of the
Such injuries are preventable if we wear our hard
hats and safety shoes, if we use proper lifting and handling
procedures, if proper signals and teamwork are used on a two-man
job, and if tools and materials that are not in use are stored
in the proper place.
Whether your work takes you overhead or keeps
you below, you can eliminate falling objects as a source of
danger by following these rules at all times.
Whatever goes up, sooner or later, has to come
down. let's make sure it comes down safely.